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Three-year-old Moose was born with a deformed skull and several complications, which only came to light when he was six-months-old.
Faced with these difficulties, some dogs may have been abandoned by their owners or perhaps even put down - but fortunately for Moose, his health woes only made him more lovable to his owner Jennifer Osborne, who has branded him a "miracle".
The Ohio native fell in love with the Australian Cattle Dog in a pet store in June 2016 and took him home as she feared the worst would have happened if he hadn't come home with her.
She said: "I'm thankful I got him rather than someone who would have abandoned him or put him down. We believe Moose was born this way.
"We know that Moose's nose was pushed into his skull which caused the under-bite, crooked nose, deformed skull, deformed brain and eye issues - probably when he was still in the womb."
Alongside the physical deformities, Moose also suffers from a range of other ailments including cherry eye, a condition that causes his tear ducts to protrude from his eyelid.
In April 2018, Moose's 26-year-old owner said that he began having convulsive seizures and now must take medication to keep them at bay.
"They affect the body and the brain and left his whole body twitching and him foaming at the mouth," she shared.
"At his worst, he had three in 30 hours."
"He has been on a low dose of Phenobarbital that has kept grand mal seizures away since he started the medication. But he continued to have focal seizures every so often and they can last hours.
Adding: "Shortly after we got Moose an MRI it showed that Moose had no forehead, no sinuses, missing parts of his brain - particularly the part that helps him smell, and a cyst in his brain where the deformity is.
"The front of his brain is squished together too. Only the front area of his brain is affected, and his seizures will likely get worse, but his neurologist doesn't believe it'll shorten his life."
Due to his health issues, Jennifer has now started her own range of Moose merchandise to help contribute to his vet bills, which set her back $2,000 (£1,600) last year.
She enthused: "He is amazing and a blessing on my life. He is the happiest dog I have ever met and I'm thankful he's my dog.
"By the way Moose acts you wouldn't think his brain had any issues. He is extremely intelligent, has so much personality, and loves everyone especially his momma[...]"
"With everything that's happened to Moose, we're very lucky he survived, period. He is literally a miracle."
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